“Your flight has been delayed.”

Imagine this pops up in your messages when you have done all your packing and are ready to go to the airport to fly off to the holiday trip you’ve been waiting on for months.

While air traveling is the most efficient and comfortable mode of travel, it has its flaws, e.g. delayed flights. Passengers are forced to wait around for hours and hours with no idea of what’s going on.

Flight delays are becoming more and more common and causing a lot of trouble, but even seasoned travelers know that delays can happen frequently in air travel. As more and more people book flights, airport capacity struggles to keep up with this untended growth. As a result, flight delays and cancellations continue to swell. Of course, there are many reasons why flights are commonly delayed, so in this article, we will look at why flights get delayed, what you can do about it, and how you can get compensated when they experience delayed flights.

Air Traffic Control (ATC) Delay

You’ve probably seen those large towers at the airports. These towers are for Air Traffic Control (ATC) and are the most common cause of flight delays.

What is an ATC Tower?

ATC towers are secondary radars that observe and control air traffic from airports and give clearance to aircraft to take off or depart from the airport.

Reasons for ATC Delays

Various reasons can cause ATC delays, including:

  • Weather conditions like snow and storm
  • Maintenance
  • Crew problems
  • Runway shortage
  • Loading of baggage
  • Bad Weather Condition

When it comes to bad weather, the first thing that comes to mind is a flight delay. Most airlines will not let you board if they are experiencing bad weather conditions. It is another common cause of flight delays.

Flying during bad weather conditions such as snowstorms, thunderstorms, heavy rain, strong wind, low visibility due to fog, and hurricanes are extremely dangerous. So, to avoid any hazards and dangers to passengers, airlines delay flights.

Since lousy weather is naturally occurring, airlines are not responsible for any compensation.

Birds Striking

The number of bird strikes has been steadily increasing over the years, causing more and more flight delays. If tangled up in the engine, a flying bird can cause severe damage to the aircraft engine and put the flight crew and many passengers at risk.

Some aviation companies have started using trained falcons in airports to scare birds away to combat this issue.

Congestion In Air Traffic

Congestion in Air Traffic is a big reason for flight delays and affects both airlines and passengers. Air congestion is caused when too many flights are allowed to use the airport over time resulting in overcrowding.

Airports should reduce air congestion and manage the increased traffic by increasing their runway capacities and keeping up with the latest technology to avoid delays.

Technical Issues

Sometimes aircrafts face sudden technical issues and need maintenance or repairs before the takeoff. All this repairing and fixing takes time which causes flights to be delayed.

Common Technical Problems

  • Engine Problems
  • Electrical Problems
  • Hydraulic Problems
  • Leakages
  • Issue In Opening and Closing of Landing Gear
  • Brakes

Common Technical Problems (Caused by External Factors)

  • Bird strike
  • Lightning strike

Waiting For Connecting Passengers

Sometimes a flight delay is as simple as waiting for connecting passengers to arrive. Luckily, these flight delays don’t last long and tend to be rather insignificant. Connecting passenger delays typically occur at peak times and when airport congestion is an issue. Know that if you are flying to or from Europe or on a European airline and your flights is delayed 3 or more hours, you may be entitled to compensation.

Security Concerns

There is always more happening at an airport than what meets the eye. Behind the scenes, crews and personnel are always working to make sure flights and airports are as safe as possible. Unfortunately, this vigilance can lead to some rather hefty delays. It isn’t uncommon for a plane to become delayed if security personnel find that something may be awry with a passenger or even a piece of luggage loaded onto the plane. If this happens, they will demand that the flight and luggage be unloaded, resulting in delays. In this situation, you are not eligible for compensation.

What to Do When Your Flight Gets Delayed?

It’s best to remain to be notified about the delays as soon as possible to avoid any inconvenience. Since most flight delays are notified at the last minute, it’s best to subscribe to  airlines’ free text alerts so that you’re notified as soon as such a thing happens and you can make necessary arrangements.

Sometimes, a connecting flight gets delayed and you’re stuck at the airport till the next morning. In such cases, the airlines might offer free accommodation or they might not (since they’re not required by the law to do so.) However, it’s best to ask if you can get free accommodation.

Do You Get Compensation If Your Flight Is Delayed?

As per the EU regulation No. 261/2004, if your flight arrived at the destination 3 or more than 3 hours later than the specified time, you are eligible for compensation. However, the amount of the compensation does not depend upon the amount you initially paid for the ticket. Your flight delay compensation depends upon the distance of the flight.

So, for shorter flights (up to 1500 km) you’ll receive a €250 compensation, for medium (up to 3500 km) and long distance (3500 km or more) flights, you’ll receive €400 and €600 in compensation, respectively.


No one likes to sit around for hours on end, waiting for their flight to take off. However, flight delays happen, which can be anything from bad weather to mechanical or technical issues or even a bird strike.

These issues can cause passengers a lot of trouble and even more if the flight is delayed for an extended period.

You should check your airline’s website before leaving your house for the airport to avoid a long delay.

However, if you’ve recently faced a flight delay and are confused whether you qualify for flight delay compensation you can visit this page to find out companies that can assist you.